1. A large proportion of Global Telecom flows are routed through the US
Global Traffic Map 2010 (source: http://www.telegeography.com/assets/website/images/maps/global-traffic-map-2010/global-traffic-map-2010-l.jpg)
2. Submarine cables between Global South countries are limited and a majority of them are privately owned (often by foreign companies and consortiums)
Submarine Cable Map, 2014 (source: http://www.telegeography.com/assets/website/images/maps/submarine-cable-map-2014/submarine-cable-map-2014-l.png)
3. DNS and Root name Servers control how information is accessed on the Internet as they function in a hierarchical manner. They are largely global north based – notably the Master Server – which acts as the centralised source of all addressing on the Internet and is operated by VeriSign Inc under instructions from the US Government.
Illustrating the hierarchical structure of the DNS system (source: http://opentodo.files.wordpress.com/2011/12/dns-hierarchy.jpg)
Location of Root Name Servers as of December 2006 (source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/ee/Root-current.svg/2000px-Root-current.svg.png)
4. The US accesses data of other countries that passes through its territory as well as by intercepting data as it flows through undersea cables.
NSAs Prism Program (source: http://www.businessinsider.com/prism-prism-spying-project-slides-2013-6?IR=T)
NSAs Prism Program (source: http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/jun/08/nsa-prism-server-collection-facebook-google)
(source: Electronic Frontier Foundation)